Lifestyle

Changes in Alzheimer biomarkers tied to withdrawal of positive airway pressure for obstructive sleep apnea

Korey Kam, Ph.D., from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York City, and colleagues examined overnight changes in plasma Alzheimer disease biomarkers among individuals with severe OSA who are normally adherent to PAP at home. Blood collected in the evening and next morning was examined across a night of polysomnographically recorded […]

Lifestyle

Physical therapy noninferior to arthroscopic surgery for meniscal tear

Julia C.A. Noorduyn, from OLVG Amsterdam, and colleagues compared the five-year effectiveness of arthroscopic partial meniscectomy and exercise-based physical therapy in 321 patients aged 45 to 70 years with a degenerative meniscal tear. Participants were randomly assigned to arthroscopic partial meniscectomy or 16 sessions of exercise-based physical therapy; 87.1 percent competed the five-year follow-up (mean […]

Lifestyle

Nonmedical interventions may improve type 2 diabetes outcomes

Leonard E. Egede, M.D., from the Medical College of Wisconsin in Milwaukee, and colleagues conducted a systematic literature review to identify studies evaluating nonmedical interventions (e.g., those targeting social determinants of health) to reduce risk and improve clinical outcomes for type 2 diabetes. The researchers found that interventions with targeted, multicomponent designs that combine both […]

Lifestyle

Prepregnancy BMI tied to risks for maternal morbidity, mortality

Heather A. Frey, M.D., from The Ohio State University in Columbus, and colleagues examined the association between prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and severe maternal morbidity and/or mortality through one year postpartum. The analysis included data from vital records and linked Medicaid claims data from Ohio from 2012 through 2017 (347,497 pregnancies among 276,691 Medicaid […]

Lifestyle

Firearm injury ED visit rate up with higher social vulnerability

Miriam E. Van Dyke, Ph.D., from the CDC in Atlanta, and colleagues analyzed emergency department visit data for 647 counties in 10 CDC Firearm Injury Surveillance Through Emergency Rooms-funded jurisdictions to examine the rates of firearm injury emergency department visits by community social vulnerability. The 2018 Social Vulnerability Index (SVI) was used to obtain county-level […]

Lifestyle

Geographic variation identified in prevalence of visual acuity loss

Elizabeth A. Lundeen, Ph.D., M.P.H., from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta, and colleagues combined multiple data sets to produce county-level prevalence estimates for visual acuity loss or blindness. The combined prevalence of visual acuity or blindness was calculated by age, sex, race, and ethnicity using data from five population-based studies. […]

Lifestyle

Comprehensive symptom assessment should happen early with chronic kidney disease

Harith Eranga Yapa, Ph.D., from the School of Nursing at the Queensland University of Technology in Brisbane, Australia, and colleagues tested whether the revised Wilson and Cleary model could identify which factors contribute to health-related QoL in CKD. The analysis included 866 individuals with CKD who completed validated interviewer-administered questionnaires. The researchers found that biological […]